Native vegetation includes all the plant species that occur naturally in a geographic region and provide essential habitat for native insects and animals. These plants have evolved together over time to form ecosystems that are well-suited to the particular combination of soil, temperature, nutrients, and rainfall of their region. As a result, native species are naturally resilient because they are adapted to local conditions.
When it comes to managing the grounds of a building, whether it be lawn, decorative foliage, or garden beds, money and resources are often wasted trying to cater to the needs of plant species not equipped to survive under the climatic conditions it is in or combatting the destructive effects of invasive species.
Plants evolved to thrive in a specific geographic region are uniquely equipped to live without the need for human support. They survive based on the amount of light, water, and soil nutrients available to them naturally. As such, the cost of maintaining native and adapted plant species on a building site is much lower than it is to tend to plants that aren’t naturally suited to survive in their given environment. What’s more, native plants are typically no more expensive than non-native plants to purchase and plant in the first place.
If we speak about India, we have a biodiversity which is as big as its human population. We have almost all the climate zones coupled in single land mass. But the problem here is that building owners and landscape companies are still working on traditional lines of business. We still like royal palms and ferns outside our buildings, no matter what the cost of maintaining those plants be. It’s natural if you move a plant out of its climate zone then you have to spend more money on keeping it in proper health. Hence people should go for more native species of plants, as they will grow naturally in the area.
For example, planting a palm tree and cacti in Rajasthan makes sense, both of these plants will not require anything extra to grow and thrive, put something from the tropical regions and things will go for a twist. The cost-saving opportunities associated with using native plant species extend beyond the reduced need for inputs, such as water, fertilizer, and labor. Native plants additionally support the architecture of the site’s soil and help to prevent erosion and absorb stormwater runoff. In this way, native vegetation a passive form of preventative maintenance.
Hence it is important from a cost point of view that more and more facility managers recommend going for native plants for landscaping needs.