The concept of offices came into the picture when people started using tables as a support for writing and papyrus. The origin of word office derived from the very popular Uffizi in Florence, made in 1560. The invention of chair and table make the world developed socially and economically.
Early 20 Century
The very first and most known example of an office is Larkin Building that was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1904.After that, the theory of scientific management was proposed by Frederick Taylor that applies industrial principles for the distribution of time and labor in the office. Later on, Frank Lloyd Wright completed the work of Johnson Wax building in 1939.
In Europe, the modern development of new material such as tabular steel has given a new definition to the world in terms of architecture and design.
Mid 20 Century
With the advancement in groundbreaking designs in new materials, the first L-shaped workstation was introduced by George Nelson in 1947.
In the early 1950s, the concept of the open plan office was used on the basis of the idea of Bürolandschaft in Europe. But the US focuses on the requirements of the public and information flow between them. That distinguished the open offices of Europe form the offices of Us.
In Europe, Arne Jacobsen introduced his own designs of furniture for Fritz Hansen in 1950s.
The 1980s and 1970s
The furniture system was launched in 1964 and get updated in 1968. But at the time of its modification, it was supported by a Manifesto that was written by Robert Propst.
At the same time, the designs of the Central Beheer building herald given by Herman Hertzberger proved that the building can also have inbuilt adaptability to handle the continuous technology and working culture.
This was the time when a computer with their large CPU and CRT monitors were introduced in the workstation because of which the desk becomes the wider and heavy. The large size of the desk is designed in such a way that it can bear the weight of large monitors and CPUs. Yes, the involvement of computer in the workstations made the tasks quite easy but the major drawback with it was its cable management. Europe has come up with many solutions to make the structure of desk efficient in terms of space required and its weight. The five-star bases were considered after observing the increase in the interest of computer users in the field of ergonomics.
Later on, the concept of Combi-office and hot-desking came into existence.
The time period introduced the concept of the internet and cutting-edge technology.
The size of the desk gets reduced for the optimum utilization of space. Internet connects the world through the wireless network and gives the new dimensions to the workstation for the business all over the globe.
The Gaetano Pesce was known as the progenitor of the creative office because of his one of the marvelous creation that was Chiat Day’s vivid and playful New York offices.
After that in 1994, the concept of Aeron chair came into the existence.
The 21st Century
Many transformations took place to make the offices the best place to work. In the 21st century, the offices become more flexible as the per the need of the business and employees. It becomes the place where the staff can work with fully furnished resources.
A new concept of coworking space has been introduced in the 21st century that provides a customized working environment to the startups, or for the business deals. All these co-working space are trending nowadays because of its benefits that they offer to its client at affordable rates, you just need to pay for the place and rest of the resources will be customized according to you.